Thirty-Third Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
Three Years


Acton men who served in the 33rd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry:

Edward D. Battles, Co. E (wounded twice)

Luke W. Bowers, Co. E (died of wounds)

Charles R. Fairgrieves, Co. K

Amasa M. Knowlton, Co. D

Austin A. Richardson, Co. A (discharged for disability)

James A. Ricker, Co. H (killed at Resaca)

Regimental history from Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the Civil War, compiled and published by the Adjutant General:

    The 33d Regt. Mass. Vol. Inf. was organized at Camp Edwin M. Stanton, Lynnfield, in June and July, 1862. It was at first a twelve company regiment, and early in August was mustered into the service as such with Alberto C. Maggi as its colonel. On August 14 the regiment left Camp Stanton for the seat of war numbering 1200 men. Companies L and M remained with the regiment until November when they were transferred to the 41st Regt. as Co's. I and K.
     By boat and rail the 33d proceeded to Washington, arriving Aug. 17. Next day the regiment established its camp at Hunter's Chapel on the Virginia side of the Potomac. During the latter part of the month it did patrol duty at Alexandria, and, on October 10 was sent to Fairfax C. H. where it was attached to Smith's (2d) Brigade, Von Steinwehr's (2d) Division, Sigel's Corps which later became the 11th. After movements to Thoroughfare Gap and White Plains in November, the regiment went into winter quarters near Falmouth just after the battle of Fredericksburg.
     About April 1, 1863, Col. Underwood succeeded Col. Maggi in command of the regiment. In May, as apart of Barlow's Brigade, Von Steinwehr's Division, Howard's (11th) Corps it was present at Chancellorsville with only small loss. At Gettysburg, July I to 4, 1863, the 33d was posted on East Cemetery Hill and later between that and Culp's Hill. From this latter position it helped to repel the attack of the brigades of Hays and Hoke just at dusk on the 2d of July. In this action the regiment lost 8 killed and 38 wounded. After this battle the 33d was encamped for nearly two months in the vicinity of Catlett's and Bristoe Stations on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. Here it received orders to proceed to the west, and on the last day of September it detrained at Bridgeport, Tenn. Both the I 1th and 12th Corps had been ordered to Tennessee to cooperate with the Army of the Cumberland.
     At Wauhatchie, Oct. 29, 1863, in a very severe engagement the 33d lost 35 killed, 58 wounded, and one missing. After the battles of Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge the regiment went into winter quarters in Lookout Valley.
     In April, 1864, the 11th and 12th Corps were consolidated to form the 20th Corps commanded by Gen. Joseph Hooker and later by Gen. 1. A. Mower. As a part of the 3d Brigade, 3d Division, 20th Corps, Army of Georgia, the 33d started on its famous Atlanta campaign early in May, 1864.
     At Resaca May 16, it was heavily engaged, losing 82 men, of whom 23 were killed or mortally wounded. At Dallas, May 25, it was inaction, losing 13 killed and 35 wounded, and again at Kenesaw Mountain, June 22, losing 8 killed and 18 wounded. The regiment participated in the siege of Atlanta, the occupation of the city, the March to the Sea, the operations around Savannah, and in the northward march through Georgia and the Carolinas. Averysboro, N. C., fought March 16,1865, and Bentonville, fought March 19, were the last battles of the regiment. When Johnston's army surrendered, April 26, the 33d Regiment was doing guard duty at Raleigh, N.C.
     It then marched back through Petersburg, Richmond, and Spottsylvania C. H. to its old Chancellorsville field, thence onward to Fairfax C. H. and the outskirts of Washington City. Here on the 24th of May it participated in the Grand Review of Sherman's army.
     On June 10 the regiment was mustered out of the United States service. Returning to Readville, Mass., the members of the regiment were furloughed until July 2, when they were assembled for the last time and paid off and discharged.



Regimental history from A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, by Frederick Dyer:

       Organized at Springfield August 6, 1862. Moved to Washington, D.C., August 14-17. Attached to Military District of Washington to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1863, and Army of the Cumberland to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to June, 1865.

    SERVICE--Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., and Provost at Alexandria, Va., until October 10, 1862. Moved to Fairfax Station October 10, thence to Fairfax Court House and duty there until November 1. Moved to Warrenton, thence to Germantown November 1-20. March to Fredericksburg December 10-15. Camp at Falmouth until January 20, 1863. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-4. At Bristoe Station August 3-September 24. Movement to Bridgeport, Ala., September 24-October 3. March along line of Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad to Lookout Valley, Tenn., October 25-28. Battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn., October 28-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 24-25. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 17. Duty in Lookout Valley until May, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September. Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge May 5-11. Buzzard's Roost Gap May 8-9. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Cassville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22-25. Battle of New Hope Church May 25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb's Farm June 22. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station or Smyrna Camp Ground July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Duty as Division Train Guard July 17 to August 27. Battle of Peachtree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2-November 15. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Lawtonville, S. C, February 2. Skirmish, Raleigh Road, near Fayetteville, N. C., March 14. Averysboro March 16. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-13. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Duty at Washington until June 11. Mustered out June 11 and discharged from service July 2, 1865.

    Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 104 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 77 Enlisted men by disease. Total 188.

See also:

Boies, Andrew J. Record of the Thirty-Third Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, from Aug. 1862 to Aug. 1865. Fitchburg.:The Sentinel Printing Company, 1880.(Geneal Coll/973.744/B67);;

Underwood, Adin B. The Three Years' Service of the Thirty-Third Mass. Infantry Regiment 1862-1865 and the Campaigns and Battles of Chancellorsville, Beverly’s Ford, Gettysburg, Wauhatchie, Chattanooga, Atlanta, and the March to the Sea and through the Carolinas in which it Took Part. Boston: A Williams & Co. Publishers, 1881. ;;