Acton Memorial Library
Civil War Archives
|Co.||Regiment / Ship||From||To||Residence/ Credit||Occupation||Notes|
|B||13th NHVI||Private; August 11, 1862||Feb. 24, 1864 to accept appointment in USCT||Rollinsford, NH||machinist|
|D||30th USCT||1st Lieut.; March 3, 1864||Dec. 10, 1865||P.O.W.|
|Co.||Regiment||Date Filed||Type||App. No.||Cert. No.||State||Beneficiary/Remarks|
|August 7, 1871||Invalid||167 876||118 851||Mass.|
Recorded as member no. 6 in the membership roster of Isaac Davis Post No. 138 G.A.R., Acton, Massachusetts (Acton Memorial Library archives, 92.2.1). Served as Post Commander, 1885.
|Date||April 30, 1921|
|Cause||acute dilation of heart|
Portrait of Charles Barton Sanders above courtesy of the U.S. Army Military History Institute.
Text from "Not Afraid to Go," exhibit at the Acton Memorial Library:
Charles Barton Sanders was born Feb. 19, 1844 in Lowell, Mass. In August 1862 he enlisted in the 13th New Hampshire Volunteers and saw action at Fredericksburg and Suffolk, Virginia. Sanders requested service with a black unit in 1864 and received a commission as a 1st Lieutenant with the 30th U.S. Colored Troops. He assisted in organizing this unit, served with them at the Battle of the Crater, and wrote of his experiences. Lieutenant Sanders had the relative good fortune to have been taken prisoner by a humane Confederate officer of the 12th Virginia Brigade who treated him with a degree of courtesy not normally shown to those serving with black troops. Sanders was held as a prisoner in several locations. Conditions were harsh, with inadequate food and sanitation, and his health suffered greatly. On March 1, 1865, he and the other prisoners then held in Goldsboro, North Carolina, were released in a prisoner exchange. Afterward, though in ill health, Sanders returned to service. He was mustered out in late December 1865, having served for three years and four months.
After the war, Charles Barton Sanders studied medicine at Harvard and Bowdoin, graduating in 1869. After marrying into a prominent Acton family, he practiced for a few years in Lowell before settling in Acton. He died in 1921 at the age of 77 in Lowell.
In a letter dated April 9, 1865 to her son Aaron Jones Fletcher, Lydia Fletcher says of Charles Sanders, "He was a prisoner 7 months and he fared very well because he had money..."
Charles B. Sanders is recorded in the 1890 special veterans census as a resident of Acton ("1890 Veterans Schedules," Ancestry.com).
Married Clara Augusta Butterfield (d. 1877); married Lizzie S. Taylor (d. 1913) of Acton on Sept. 14, 1878 (source: pension file).
For photographs and biographical notes on Charles Barton Taylor and Elizabeth Sophia Taylor, see: "Dr. and Mrs. Charles D. Sanders." Acton Historical Society Newsletter (Acton, Mass.), October, 2012:4.
Portrait of Charles B. Sanders, Find A Grave Memorial# 114616049, Find a Grave (website). Retrieved 2014-10-30.
Phalen, History of the Town of Acton: 389.
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